Israel or the Promised Land is the birthplace of three cultures and those religions. Colorful, multilingual streets, religious shrines, historical and architectural sights are found here at almost every step, but millions of tourists come to the capital every year. Of course, tourists are attracted not only by sights, Jerusalem is located near natural monuments – the Judean Mountains, the Dead Sea, the Negev desert. In the article you will learn what to see in Jerusalem on your own.
Sights of Jerusalem – guide, description, photo
First of all, it should be noted that there are so many memorable and tourist places in the capital of Israel that you can not do without sights of the Jerusalem map in Russian. Start preparing for the trip in advance, make a list of places you would like to visit.
Important! You can always take the help of a guide who will tell you what to see in Jerusalem and also make up a personal itinerary for you.
Yad Vashem Holocaust Memorial in Israel
The attraction appeared in Jerusalem with one purpose – to perpetuate the memory of the victims of the Holocaust and to forever preserve the heroism of the soldiers who died in World War II.
The project of the memorial was ready in 1942. For its construction, an area of 18 hectares was chosen on the slope of Mount Herzl. The complex combines several objects, some of them are located on the premises, and some are in the open.
Interesting fact! In Yad Vashem, you can see the largest collection of documents related to the Holocaust and World War II. Here, work is still ongoing to perpetuate the memory of people who became victims of the Holocaust in Israel.
- You can see the attraction every day except Saturday from 8-30 to 17-00, on Thursdays museums, a synagogue and exhibitions on the territory of the memorial complex are open until 20-00;
- the entrance is free;
- official website: https://www.yadvashem.org/ru.html
Museum of Israel
The museum was founded in 1965 and is located near Givat Ram. The museum exposition has 500 thousand different exhibits, including archaeological finds, art objects. The total area of the attraction is 50 thousand square meters. m
The wing of archeology is dedicated to the history of Israel, the exposition is divided into 7 historical periods. The most valuable exhibits: baths of King Herod, the stela of Heliodorus.
In the temple Books offer to see the oldest manuscript manuscript. Nearby is another object where you can see the architecture of the city before the invasion of the Romans (66 A.D.). Here is recreated the temple of Herod, which occupies 20 acres. In the wing of fine arts collected art objects spanning a period of tens of centuries – painting, architecture, photography. You can also visit the wing of the youth and the Garden of Arts.
- Address: 11, Ruppin Boulevard, Hakyria;
- work schedule: Monday, Wednesday, Thursday, days off – from 10-00 to 17-00, Tuesday from 16-00 to 21-00, Friday from 10-00 to 14-00;
- price – full ticket 54 ILS, student – 39 ILS, for children under 17 years old – 27 ILS, children under 5 years old admission is free;
- official website: imj.org.il
Wall of Tears
On a map of Israel with the sights of Jerusalem with a photo and description of the Wailing Wall – the main shrine of Judaism. Millions of pilgrims come here every year. The age of the attraction is more than 2 thousand years, it is located next to the Temple Mount. This is the surviving part of the Second Jerusalem Temple, which was destroyed in 70 A.D. (era of King Herod).
Interesting fact! The blocks of which the wall is built are not fastened with anything, they are simply tightly composed and superimposed on each other.
Before you visit the attraction, be sure to learn how to write a note, as well as a set of rules and recommendations for tourists.
Mount of Olives, or Mount of Olives
The attraction is located west of the Old Town of Jerusalem. The mountain has three peaks, where are:
- Hebrew University;
- Ascension Church
- Lutheran Center.
At the foot of the ancient cemetery. Here are: the Church of All Nations, built on the place where Jesus came to pray, the Church of the Assumption of the Virgin, the Virgin Mary, the Orthodox Church of Mary and Magdalena are laid to rest here.
Church of the Holy Sepulcher
In all tourist routes, among the attractions with photos and descriptions in Jerusalem, this shrine is necessarily marked – the place where Jesus Christ carried his cross. In addition to Calvary, there is a tomb, where the Son of God was buried and then resurrected.
Good to know! One of the wonders of the world that thousands of pilgrims come to see every year is the descent of the Holy Fire.
- visit is free;
- modest clothing;
- work schedule: from April to September from 5-00 to 20-00, from October to March from 4-30 to 19-00;
- the best time for a visit is from 16-00 to 17-00;
- Address: Old Town, st. St. Helena, 1.
Ezekiah Tunnel and Siloam Font
The length of the tunnel is 533 meters, its origin (beginning of the 7th century BC) is associated with the reign of Hezekiah of Judea, and is part of the water structures. According to one version of the scientists, two groups dug the tunnel from opposite ends, the workers met in the center. At the entrance to the tunnel there is a plate with a commemorative inscription telling about the history of the attraction.
Today, tourists pass through the tunnel, accompanied by a guide, while they have to go knee-deep in the water and light the road with a flashlight.
There is a version that the Hezekiah tunnel is an additional aqueduct, the main purpose of which is to preserve the entire volume of water inside the city and prevent enemy troops from accessing it. Water from the tunnel fell into the Siloam basin or the Siloam font, where Christ advised the blind to wash, after which the man received his sight. According to one legend, every pilgrim who went to Jerusalem had to take a bath.
Good to know! The Shiloam font in Israel is the only building that has survived to our days from the time of Jesus Christ.
- Address: Shiloach village;
- work schedule: in the summer from Sunday to Thursday from 8-00 to 19-00, on Friday from 9-00 to 16-00, in the winter from Sunday to Thursday from 8-00 to 17-00, on Friday from 9-00 to 14 -00.
The attraction is located near the Old Town, not far from the western slope of the Mount of Olives. In the distant past, the garden occupied a much larger territory, today it is 2300 square meters. m
Among pilgrims and Christians this is a very revered place – Jesus Christ came here to pray on the last night before his arrest and crucifixion. In the photo of the sights in Jerusalem, you can always see olive trees. Some historians claim that they could very well be witnesses of how Jesus prayed.
Churches were built on the territory of the garden, which were later destroyed. At the end of the 17th century, the garden passed under the control of Franciscan monks, they erected a stone wall around the attraction. In Gethsemane you can also see:
- Temple of All Nations;
- the temple of Mary Magdalena;
- Gethsemane Grotto.
The Kedron Valley, also located here, is shrouded in gloomy glory, because according to legend, it is here that a trumpet will sound that will raise the dead. For this reason, the territory here is completely covered with graves.
- work schedule: daily from 8-00 to 12-00 and from 14-00 to 18-00;
- Free admission;
- First you need to take a bus to the Lion Gate, then go towards the temple of All Nations for about 500 m.
The attraction is located north of Old Jerusalem, next to the Damascus Gate. In the 19th century, representatives of the Protestant church revered this cave burial as the true tomb of Jesus. The first such assumption was made by General Charles Gordon. However, some historians refute this version, since the shape of the cave indicates that it appeared in the 9th century BC. Therefore, at the time of the crucifixion of Christ, this tomb was not new, and the Gospel states that Christ was buried in a “new sepulcher.”
The territory is well-groomed, people come here to see an amazing park with flower beds, alleys, relax on benches. In addition, there are antique artifacts – an oil press, a catchment, a mountain, the shape of which resembles a skull. In the garden with special attention are equipped places where a person can retire and pray to God.
Important! It is better to visit the attraction on a weekday when there are few tourists. On weekends there can be a huge number of pilgrims.
Tower of David Museum
The attraction is a fortress located between Old Jerusalem and the modern city. It was built to protect the settlement, today there is a museum inside, which also hosts cultural events.
The fortress was built in the 2nd century BC, then the structure was destroyed many times, but each ruler restored and completed the defense of the city. When the Romans settled in Jerusalem, there were barracks in the citadel. Later, a moat was dug around the fortress, which was supposed to protect pilgrims bound for Jerusalem. The fortress received the status of a peaceful attraction in 1967.
Today in the museum you can see: archaeological park, exhibition area, light and music shows. The reign of the Omansa Empire is reminded of: a minaret, a mosque, guns protecting the main entrance.
- Address: Jaffa Gate, Jerusalem;
- work schedule: from Sunday to Thursday, from 9-00 to 16-00, on Fridays to 14-00, in the summer months the museum is open until 17-00;
- The audio guide can be downloaded from: https://www.tod.org.il/en/
- The cost of tickets depends on the number of objects that the tourist plans to visit.
City of David
It was with this attraction that Jerusalem began, a state founded by King David appeared here, it is located on a hill east of Old Jerusalem.
The ancient settlement was studied by archaeologists very carefully. The territory is divided into sections, each has unique buildings, utilities. The most interesting and famous site G, where residential buildings have been preserved.
As a tourist attraction, the City of David is represented in two parts:
- archaeological, oldest part of Jerusalem;
- Warren’s well, which was part of the urban water supply system, which was organized so that the inhabitants of the city stayed with water during periods of siege.
As part of a standard excursion, designed for 2.5-3 hours, you can see the watchtower, the archaeological part, the Palace of David and explore the city’s water supply system.
- You can get into the City of David through the Garbage Gate;
- work schedule: from Sunday to Thursday from 8-00 to 19-00 in the summer months, and in winter – until 17-00, on Fridays the entrance is open until 16-00 in the summer and until 14-00 in the winter;
- ticket price: adult – 62 ILS, preferential – 42 ILS.
The attraction is located in the Old part of Jerusalem, namely in the south-eastern part. The second name is Mount Moriah, here, according to legend, Abraham sacrificed his son Isaac. It is noteworthy that you need to climb on the right side of the mountain, and down – on the left.
On the territory of the Temple Mount they offer to see buildings for various purposes – temples, arches, mosques, fountains, arbors. Here you can see from above the whole of Old Jerusalem.
- The attraction is accessible for visiting five days a week, weekends Friday and Saturday.
- Non-Muslims are allowed to enter through a special checkpoint organized at the foot of the mountain (Garbage Gate).
- It is forbidden to smoke, walk shod, take pictures and shoot videos.
- Cost: 30 ILS, a single ticket to visit the Dome of the Rock Mosque, the Museum of Islamic Art and Al-Aqsa Mosque.
- Schedule: from 7-30 to 11-00 and from 13-30 to 14-30.
The area of Old Jerusalem is located between the Temple Mount and the Zion Gate. If before life was in full swing, today it is a museum that tells the story of local residents. During the Arab-Israeli war, many people died here, it was believed that Jews in this part of Jerusalem would never live again. In the future, the authorities decided to restore the quarter and perpetuate the memory of the dead Jews. According to tourists, the vibrant atmosphere of Old Jerusalem reigns here, ancient synagogues are located here, narrow and winding streets, houses seem to hang over them. Tourists will be interested in visiting museums; there is a park in the south of the quarter.
Mahane Yehuda Market
A colorful, grocery market where you can buy and try many different goodies. The assortment includes dishes of national cuisine, as well as a large selection of treats for every taste. They are reluctant to trade here, so it is unlikely to reduce the price, but you will not be able to leave hungry without shopping.
Locals say that if you do not visit Mahei Yehud, you will not see the real Jerusalem. It is noteworthy that the market is mostly nightly, bars, restaurants, pubs open in the late evening. Sellers prefer cash, cards are not accepted. Do not rush to buy the first product you come across, go around, look, you will surely find cheaper. Be sure to try seasonal fruits, here they are presented in abundance.
Good to know! Most buyers on the market on Friday in the morning, parking space is very difficult to find.
Temple of All Nations
The landmark of Jerusalem in Israel was built by Franciscan monks. Funds for construction were collected around the world, Catholic communities sent money. The author of the project is Italian architect Antonio Barluzzi. It is noteworthy that the temple at this place appeared much earlier – in the 4th century. The second name of the church is the temple of Agony, the interior decoration corresponds to a gloomy name. For the construction, stone, purple glass were used, and the ceiling was painted in saturated blue, which imitates the night sky.
The temple is active, Catholic, Christian services are held here. Above the altar from the mosaic is a picture of the prayer of Jesus Christ in Gethsemane. Attention is drawn to the vaulted dome, which shows the coats of arms of the states from which the Catholic communities transferred money.
The schedule of the temple from 8-30 to 11-30, from 14-30 to 16-00. Free admission.
Jerusalem First Station
The attraction is located near Old Jerusalem and the Amin Moshe quarter. The station was built in 1892. Today, cultural events are held here – sports, culinary, musical. The gallery presents exhibitions, and in numerous kiosks you can buy clothes, products, small souvenirs. Tourists can take part in training on zumba, yoga or Pilates, rent a bike. After a walk and outdoor activities you can have a tasty and satisfying rest in one of the restaurants or bars.
Good to know! The guest center offers a large selection of hiking trails.
The sights of Jerusalem are, first of all, the history, stretching for several millennia, a mixture of cultures and religions. Many people call this city a spiritual center, because here everyone especially feels a connection with God.
All the sights of Jerusalem described in the article are marked on the map in Russian.
Tour of the main attractions of Jerusalem with a guide: