Wiesbaden, Germany is an old German resort known for its excellent service, healing mineral springs and attractions that attract tourists from all over the world. Get to know him better !?
Wiesbaden, located on the right bank of the Rhine, is the capital of Hesse and the second largest city of this federal state. For the first time they talked about him back in 829 BC. e., when the ancient Romans built a hospital here for the sick and wounded legionnaires. It was they who managed to discover the thermal springs, which subsequently made Wiesbaden one of the most popular balneological resorts in Europe. Now on its territory there are 26 hot and a few cold geysers. The most powerful of them, Kochbrunnen, daily produces about 500 thousand liters of sodium chloride water, which is 4 part of the total amount of erupted liquid.
Wiesbaden is famous not only for its unique natural “data”, but also for its huge number of memorial sites of great importance for the history and culture of Germany.
Looking at the photos of Wiesbaden, you simply cannot help but notice one of the biggest attractions of this city. We are talking about Mount Neroberg, located in the northern part of the resort at an altitude of 245 m above sea level. The mountain, named after the Roman emperor Nero, is interesting not only for its picturesque landscapes.
Firstly, on its top stands the Church of St. Elizabeth, one of the few Orthodox churches in Germany. Secondly, here you can see a huge vineyard planted several centuries ago and which has become the main symbol of local winemakers. Rare grape varieties are grown on it, which are then used to make elite brands of wine. Thirdly, on the slopes of Nero is the largest Orthodox cemetery in Europe – more than 800 people are buried on it. Well, the main reason that prompts tourists to climb this mountain is Opelbad, a complex of outdoor pools built among trees and beautiful flower gardens.
You can get to the top of the mountain on the Neroberg funicular, capable of covering a distance of 430 m in a few minutes. At the time of the first launch, which fell in 1888, it consisted of 2 small cars connected by a 29-mm cable and equipped with huge tanks with water. When one of the cars went up, the tank was filled with liquid, but as soon as he went down, the tank was immediately empty. This upset the balance and set the funicular in motion. And since with the onset of frost the water would just freeze, the lift only worked from April to October. By the way, this tradition has survived to the present day.
Address: Wiesbaden, Hesse, Germany.
- March – April, September – November 1: daily from 10:00 to 19:00;
- May – August: daily from 09:00 to 20:00.
The lift leaves every 15 minutes.
Admission: from 2 to 12 €, depending on the age and type of ticket. Details can be specified on the official website – www.nerobergbahn.de/startseite.html.
The list of the most interesting sights of Wiesbaden is continued by Kurhaus – a unique architectural monument located in the central part of the city. The monumental building, made in the neoclassical style, consists of 12 halls intended for celebrations, symposia, conferences and other public events. Each of them has its own design. So, in the interior of the concert hall there is Nassau marble, bay window decorated with embossed leather elements, red trimmed in the style of the Louis XVI era, etc. Here everything breathes wealth and luxury!
The entrance to the building is decorated with the coat of arms of the city with three lilies and an inscription in Latin, and the lobby, which often hosts receptions and art exhibitions, impresses with a huge 20-meter dome.
However, the Kurzal is famous not only for expensive crystal chandeliers, precious wood panels, exquisite stucco molding and ancient frescoes. Within its walls is the oldest casino in Germany, in which Fedor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky himself tried his luck more than once. Rumor has it that it was here that during his vacation in Wiesbaden, the writer left all his savings. In memory of that event, the casino management still keeps a table at which the Russian novelist was playing, and under a 400-year-old tree that he could see from the window of a local hotel, his bust is set.
- Address: Kurhausplatz 1, 65189 Wiesbaden, Hesse, Germany.
- Official site of the attraction: www.wiesbaden.de/microsite/kurhaus/index.php
An equally important attraction of Wiesbaden is the Resort Park, founded back in 1852. A huge territory, decorated in the style of an English landscape garden, contains many exotic flowers, shrubs and trees. But the main decoration of this zone can be safely called a pond with a large cascading fountain. With the onset of the evening, it is highlighted with special bulbs, which makes this building even more beautiful. In recent years, the park has become the venue for world pop and rock music performances.
- Address: Parkstrasse, 65183 Wiesbaden, Hesse, Germany
- You can learn more about Kurpark at www.wiesbaden.de.
The Church of St. Elizabeth in Wiesbaden, located on the top of Mount Nero, is a harmonious architectural structure, which combined elements of Russian and Byzantine architecture. A notable feature of this church are its gilded domes, tall “kokoshniks” decorating the roof, and ribbed chapters crowned with Orthodox crosses. The facades of the temple are decorated with medallions with sculptural portraits of saints, arches, columns, arabesques, as well as narrow and high windows.
The interior decoration of the Russisch-Orthodoxe Kirche der Heiligen Elisabeth, made using rare marble, antique frescoes and unique icons painted on a gold background, deserves no less attention. The main pride of this church is the ancient iconostasis, which was installed in it in the middle of the 19th century. (immediately after the foundation).
Previously, the temple had 2 identical entrances: one from the south side, the second from the west. The western one, located opposite the altar, was intended for ordinary parishioners, while the southern one, from which a view of the city was opened, served exclusively for noble people. In 1917, after the abdication of the throne of the last Russian Tsar Nicholas II, it was closed forever. To date, the Church of St. Elizabeth is the current church of the Russian community of Wiesbaden, however, services are held there only in the summer.
- Church address: Christian-Spielmann-Weg 1, 65193 Wiesbaden, Hesse, Germany
- Detailed information can be found on the official website – https://rok-wiesbaden.de/
Wilhelmstrasse is not only the central boulevard of Wiesbaden, but also one of the richest and most lively streets of the city. The facades of houses form one side of the boulevard, and the picturesque Warmer Damm Park stretches along the other, where locals like to relax. The main feature of Wilhelmstrasse is a huge number of boutiques, museums, villas, as well as concert and exhibition halls. And here is the Crown Prince’s Palace, which houses the Nassauer Hof, the Chamber of Commerce and the State Theater of Hesse.
If you are lucky enough to be in the city at the height of the theater season, which falls in mid-June, be sure to drop by the annual feast with traditional crayfish, potato pancakes and German champagne “Sekt”.
Wiesbaden’s popular tourist attractions include the Marktkirke Church or Market Church. The neo-Gothic building, located on Palace Square, was built for 10 years (from 1852 to 1862) and became not only the oldest, but also the highest religious monument in the city.
Marktkirche impresses not only with its size, but also with its interior. The vaulted ceiling is decorated with a pattern similar to a starlit sky, in one of the naves of the church there is a statue of Jesus Christ made of white marble, and sculptures of the evangelists “lurked” in the choirs. But the most important value of the Marktkirke is the body established shortly after its opening. Thanks to this instrument, consisting of 6198 pipes, annual music festivals began to be held in the building of the Market Church.
Address: Marktplatz, 65183 Wiesbaden, Hesse, Germany.
- Sun: from 14:00 to 17:00;
- Tue – Fri .: from 14:00 to 18:00;
- Sat: from 10:00 to 14:00.
For more information, visit the site of attractions www.marktkirche-wiesbaden.de/willkommen.
The overview of Wiesbaden sights in Germany is completed by the Tier-und Pflanzenpark Fasanerie Zoological Garden, located in Stadtwald, the central city park. The garden, founded in 1995 with donations from local businessmen, is home to over 250 animals belonging to 50 different species. Among them there are wolves, bears, sheep, pheasants, otters, wild cats, deer, foxes and other representatives of the fauna. They all perfectly adapted to local conditions, so they feel at home here.
Also here you can see such rare and exotic plants as red oak, Spanish spruce, robinia, ginkgo, old samples of mountain ash, yew and horse chestnut. Fasanerie is currently conducting natural history excursions during which visitors can familiarize themselves with the life of its inhabitants.
- Address: Wilfried-Ries-Strasse, 65195 Wiesbaden, Germany.
- Opening hours: Sun – Sat: from 09:00 to 18:00 in the summer and from 09:00 to 17:00 in the winter.
- Free admission.
Where to stay?
The city of Wiesbaden in Germany offers a wide selection of different housing. There are both fashionable hotels and cheap hostels that have everything you need for a short stay.
If we talk about prices, you will have to pay between 58 and 170 € for renting an apartment, while the cost of a double room in a 3 * hotel will cost 60-300 €.
In Wiesbaden, you can find not only a large number of historical sights, but also many cafes and restaurants focused not only on local, but also on European cuisine. Some establishments have children’s menus.
Prices here are slightly higher than in other cities in Germany, but the quality of food and service fully meets the declared value. So,
- lunch or dinner for two in an inexpensive institution will cost 20-25 €,
- in a middle-class restaurant offering a 3-course menu – at 45 €,
- in a fast food establishment – at 8 €.
Advice! Wiesbaden has very good chicken, pork and turkey – dishes from them are not only tasty, but also cheap. As for alcohol, opt for wines.
How to get from Frankfurt?
The nearest airport to Wiesbaden is in nearby Frankfurt. From there, several types of transport go to the famous German resort, but the train is the most convenient of them. If you decide to use this particular method, follow this instruction:
- By bus, departing from one of the terminals, you reach the Main railway station Frankfurt (Frankfurt (Main) Hbf);
- Take the Deutsche Bahn train connecting the two cities and follow the Wiesbaden Hbf Central Station.
Trains run from 00:04 to 23:58 with an interval of 10-15 minutes. Travel time is 35-60 minutes.
- Adult – € 8.60;
- Child 5,10 €;
- Adult by railway card – 6.45 €;
- Children on the railway card – 3.80 €;
- Adult on a daily card – 16.75 €;
- Children’s on a daily map – 9.95 €;
- Group day ticket for 5 people – 28.90 €;
- Ticket for Hessian land – 36,00 €.
All prices and schedules on the page are for May 2019.
There are many interesting facts connected with the city of Wiesbaden in Germany. Here are just a few of them:
- The cuckoo clock, installed in 1946 at the entrance to the local souvenir shop, was considered the largest in the world at that time. They are still hanging;
- The thermal springs of Wiesbaden, discovered even during the hours of the Roman Empire, were always in demand. At one time, Goethe, Elvis Presley, Otto von Bismarck, Yuri Gagarin and other famous personalities were treated here;
- History buffs should stop by the Südfriedhof cemetery – here is the tomb of Manfred von Richthofen, the legendary fighter pilot from World War I, known under the pseudonym Red Baron;
- In 2015, Wiesbaden entered the 15 richest cities in Germany;
- The water temperature in local mineral springs reaches a maximum of 66 ° C;
- At the turn of 19-20 Art. Wiesbaden was called Northern Nice;
- In addition to traditional municipal transport, a small tourist steam locomotive can be seen on the city streets, in two of which up to 50 people can be accommodated. “Thermine,” which is exactly what this baby is called, leaves from Marktplatz at 10 in the morning. At noon, he takes an hour and a half break, and then continues to work until 16:30. Ticket price is 4.50 €.
Wiesbaden (Germany) is a resort where you can not only improve your health, but spend a rich and interesting vacation.
Walking in Wiesbaden: