Wurzburg, Germany is an important transport and industrial center of the country, located in the heart of Bavaria. It is worth coming here in order to take a break from the noisy megalopolises and to feel the atmosphere of old Germany.
Wurzburg is a Bavarian city in central Germany. It stands on the river Main. It covers an area of 87.6 km². The population is about 124,000 people. Würzburg has the status of a “free city,” that is, it does not belong to any district, but is considered to be a separate region.
Translated from German, the word “Wurze”, from which the name of the city came from, means “zest” (that is, a very special place).
Throughout history, the city has been known as the center of German winemaking and trade. Now it plays the role of a transport hub connecting the western and eastern parts of Germany. Wurzburg industry is also developing rapidly – here, as before, they are engaged in brewing and winemaking, there are several machine-building plants.
Despite the rich history and the relatively large area occupied by Würzburg in Germany, there are not as many sights as we would like. Here is a list of the most interesting (according to tourists):
The Würzburg Episcopal Residence has been the seat of local archbishops for 70 years. The sand-colored building was built in a unique European style of the South Baroque baroque, which is characterized by a restrained facade and the absence of a large number of gold elements.
The interior of the Residence is a great example of how well Baroque and Renaissance styles can be combined. In total, the palace has more than 400 rooms in which clergy lived, worked, received guests and dined. The most interesting rooms are:
- Hall. From here you can get into the northern and southern apartments using the massive golden staircase. However, the main attention should be paid not to it, but to the ceiling – it is decorated with the world’s largest fresco, owned by Giovanni Tiepolo. The ceiling depicts all parts of the world, as well as allegorical figures.
- The imperial hall. This large room is decorated with marble bas-reliefs and ceiling paintings that showcase the history of Würzburg.
- The small cabinet is decorated in an Asian style: sakura images, a collection of porcelain and glass panels on the walls, which significantly expand the space.
- The White Hall differs from the rest of the rooms with a large number of stucco moldings on the walls and a painted ceiling.
- In the Green Hall you can see a lot of paintings framed in massive gold frames. The walls are covered with green wallpaper.
Allocate at least 3 hours to visit the palace of the Prince Bishop in Würzburg. During this time, you can go around most of the rooms and look at the presented exhibits.
If you do not want to hire a guide, you can take an audio guide in English or German at the entrance for free.
The Princely Garden of Fürstengarten is located behind the Würzburg Residence, and is considered the most beautiful park in the city. Here you can see:
- large flower beds;
- dozens of monuments;
- rare species of trees and grass plants;
- observation platform with stunning views of the River Main and the Old Bridge.
The park is not large in size, but tourists say that this place is a must for visiting in Würzburg. Even in winter and spring, when the flowers do not grow, and there is no green at all, it is very beautiful here.
- Location: Residenzplatz 2, 97070 Würzburg, Germany.
- Opening hours: 9.00 – 18.00.
- The cost of visiting: 7.5 euros for an adult and 6.5 for a student.
Market Square is the most important place in any medieval city. Sunday and Christmas markets are held here today, in the evenings locals and tourists walk or relax in the cafe.
Several important sights of Würzburg are located on the square: the chapel of Our Lady, the Town Hall and the obelisk in the center of the square. If you want to feel the atmosphere of Würzburg and look at the locals, tourists recommend coming here.
Location: Market Square, Wurzburg, Germany.
The Hofkirche Church, which is the residence’s palace church, is considered one of the most beautiful in the city. Built in a rare Rococo style for Germany, it is often compared with the famous Azamkirche in Munich.
The interior of the temple is striking in its splendor and a lot of gold. Many tourists say that they were especially struck by the altar and painted ceilings. Many also speak of columns of incredible beauty made from solid pieces of marble.
Despite the small size of the temple, it is recommended to allocate at least an hour to visit it. You can visit the attraction on a daily basis, since services are no longer held here.
- Where to find: Bei Residenz Wurzburg, Wurzburg, Bavaria, Germany.
- Opening hours: 09.00 – 18.00.
The old Wurzburg bridge connecting the two banks of the Main River deserves special attention, because it was built in the 12th century. True, then it was built of wood. Stone appeared 2 centuries later – in the 1500s.
In the 18th century, the townspeople decided to perpetuate the memory of famous immigrants from Würzburg, and placed 12 statues on bridge piers (for example, there is a statue of Charlemagne and the protector of the city of Kilian).
The length of the bridge reaches 179 meters. The old Wurzburg bridge is often compared to the Charles Bridge in Prague – it is just as powerful and, at the same time, elegant.
Tourists recommend coming to the sights at sunset – at this time of day and photos turn out to be more beautiful, and the atmosphere is not at all what it is during the day.
Location: Alte Mainbruecke, Würzburg, Bavaria, Germany.
Fortress Marienberg – a symbol of the city, towering on a hill. From German, her name translates as “Mount Mary.”
To believe that this fortress is located in the heart of Bavaria is very difficult: vineyards grow here, hills turn green, and you would think that this place is located somewhere in the south of Italy.
The defensive complex itself is a combination of Romanesque, Gothic and Renaissance styles. You can get into the fortress through the front gate, which is decorated with sculptures of saints and knights. The central part of the complex is a courtyard with a well, former barracks for the military, a pool for horses and stables. Also, flowers are planted here and historical reconstructions are periodically arranged.
There are several museums inside the Marienberg fortress in Würzburg:
- local history (located in the Echter bastion and in the New Arsenal);
- gallery of princely reconstructions (located in the eastern wing of the fortress);
- sculptural (western part).
Where is: Festung Marienberg, 240, 97082 Wurzburg, Bavaria, Germany.
- Opening hours: 10.00 – 18.00.
- Cost: 5 euros.
The chapel of the Virgin Mary is one of the attractions of the city of Würzburg, which symbolizes the tragic events of 1349. At that time, a plague raged in Europe, and the innocent Jews were blamed for everything. They burned their community, and in its place, as if wishing to forget what had happened, erected a chapel of the Virgin Mary.
The chapel acquired its modern appearance only after the Second World War – before that, its facade was more magnificent. The interior of the temple is a mixture of Gothic style and Rococo.
Unfortunately, after the restoration the chapel is no longer used for its intended purpose, but only works as a tourist attraction for tourists. Most travelers believe that this is one of the most beautiful cathedrals in Bavaria.
- Location: Marktpl. 7, 97070 Würzburg, Bavaria, Germany.
- Opening hours: 09.00 – 17.00.
Where to stay
Wurzburg is a medium-sized German city, but despite this, there are less than 50 accommodation options.
The average price for a double room per night during the high season at the 3 * hotel varies from 120 to 160 dollars (the price range is very large). As a rule, this price includes free Wi-Fi, a parking space near the hotel, a good breakfast and a fitness room.
As for 5 * hotels, there are only 2 of them in the city. A night will cost 220 dollars. This price includes free parking, all the necessary equipment in the room, a minibar and a spacious terrace.
The most profitable accommodation in Würzburg is apartments. A spacious studio apartment for two will cost $ 40-50 per night. This price already includes all the necessary household appliances in the rooms and essentials. Also, guests can contact the owner of the apartment at any time.
Thus, it is better to book a hotel in advance (1-2 months). It is advisable to find housing closer to the center, since the city is not small. Würzburg is divided into 13 districts, but Zanderau and Zellerau are considered the most suitable for tourists. In these areas, the largest number of attractions.
How to get there
Würzburg is located in the center of Germany, and it is convenient to get to this city both from Bavaria and from the western cities of the country. Distance from Wurzburg to:
- Frankfurt am Main – 120 km;
- Mannheim – 180 km;
- Stuttgart – 150 km;
- Erfurt – 180 km;
- Munich – 280 km.
- Frankfurt Airport Main (FRA) (122 km)
- Mannheim Airport (MHG) (129 km)
- Stuttgart Airport (STR) (160 km)
Since Würzburg with three airports is shared by no more than 160 km, you can get to the city in less than 3 hours.
You need to catch the Ice train at Frankfurt (M) Flughafen Fernbf station and after 1 hour 30 minutes get off at Würzburg Hbf. The fare is 25-40 euros. Trains run 6 times a day.
You can only get from Mannheim Airport to Würzburg by bus. You must take the Mannheim ZOB stop and get off at the Würzburg station. 10 buses of various carriers go to the day. The cost is 15-25 euros. Travel time is 4 hours.
You can get from Stuttgart Airport to Würzburg either by bus or by train:
- You need to catch the Re train at Stuttgart Hbf station and get off at Wuerzburg Hbf. Travel time is 2 hours 20 minutes. The cost is 30-50 euros. Trains run 6 times a day.
- Take the Deutsche Bahn bus at Stuttgart Hbf and get to Kornwestheim Pbf. At this station you need to get off and transfer to bus number 24 of Flixbus. Total travel time – 2 hours. The cost is 20-30 euros. Buses run 5 times a day.
You can find out the exact schedule of buses and trains on the official websites of carriers or at the ticket office of the station:
- www.flixbus.com (Flixbus).
- www.bahn.de (Deutsche Bahn).
All prices on the page are for July 2019.
- Do not buy bus tours of Würzburg – it is much better to walk around the city on foot or arrange a bike ride.
- The best gift from Würzburg is Bocksbeutel wine made by local winemakers.
- In August, the Würzburger Weinfest Wine Festival takes place in Würzburg, for which the best winemakers in the city have been preparing for almost a whole year.
- It is better to set aside one day to visit the Würzburg Residence and the Fürstengarten Garden. During this time, you can slowly walk through the exhibition halls and walk in the park.
- On the territory of the Marienberg fortress there is an information point for tourists, where you can take booklets and a map of the city.
Wurzburg, Germany – a city at the crossroads, which can be easily reached.
Interesting facts and a lot of useful information for tourists about the city of Würzburg: